Williams Cancer Institute

Uterine Cancer

What is Uterine Cancer?
Uterine cancer, also known as endometrial cancer, is a type of cancer that develops in the lining of the uterus, the organ where a fetus grows during pregnancy. It is the most common type of uterine cancer and typically affects postmenopausal women, although it can also occur in younger women.

Causes of Uterine Cancer
The exact causes of uterine cancer are not fully understood, but they are believed to be related to changes in the cells of the uterine lining. Some risk factors that may increase the likelihood of developing uterine cancer include obesity, advanced age, hormone replacement therapy, diabetes, infertility, late menopause, family history of uterine cancer, and certain medical conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome.

Symptoms of Uterine Cancer
Symptoms of uterine cancer may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, especially after menopause, abnormal vaginal discharge, pelvic pain, pain during sexual intercourse, and changes in urination or bowel habits. It is important to pay attention to any new or concerning symptoms and seek medical attention if experiencing these symptoms.

Risk Factors for Uterine Cancer
Risk factors for uterine cancer include obesity, advanced age, hormone replacement therapy, diabetes, infertility, late menopause, family history of uterine cancer, and certain medical conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome. Reducing modifiable risk factors, such as maintaining a healthy weight and managing medical conditions, may help decrease the likelihood of developing uterine cancer.

Prevention of Uterine Cancer
Some prevention measures for uterine cancer include maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, following a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, avoiding unnecessary hormone replacement therapy, and undergoing regular screenings, especially if having risk factors or experiencing concerning symptoms. Timely treatment of underlying medical conditions and regular medical care can also help detect any health issues early and address them effectively.

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