Williams Cancer Institute


What is Sarcoma?
Sarcoma is a type of cancer that develops in the soft tissues of the body, such as muscles, bones, fats, blood vessels, cartilage, or fibrous tissues. It can also affect internal organs like the uterus or lungs.

Causes of Sarcoma
The exact causes of sarcoma are not always clear, but it is believed to arise due to genetic changes or mutations in the DNA of cells. Sometimes, genetic or hereditary factors may predispose a person to develop sarcoma, but in many cases, there is no identifiable specific cause.

Symptoms of Sarcoma

Symptoms of sarcoma can vary depending on the location and size of the tumor. Some common symptoms include the presence of a lump or mass in the affected area, persistent pain in the area, swelling, difficulty moving a limb, or changes in the skin over the site of the tumor.

Risk Factors for Sarcoma
Some risk factors may increase the chances of developing sarcoma, such as having a family history of the disease, having received radiation in the past, being diagnosed with certain genetic diseases like neurofibromatosis type 1 or retinoblastoma, and in some cases, being exposed to certain chemicals or toxic substances at work.

Prevention of Sarcoma
Since the exact causes of sarcoma are not always known, there are no specific prevention measures to avoid its development. However, some general health strategies may help reduce the risk of cancer overall, such as maintaining a healthy weight, following a balanced diet, exercising regularly, avoiding tobacco, and limiting exposure to unnecessary chemicals and radiation. Additionally, it is important to be vigilant for any unusual changes in the body and seek medical attention if experiencing concerning symptoms. Regular medical check-ups can also help detect any health issues early.

Symptoms of Sarcoma:
– Presence of a lump or mass in the affected area
– Persistent pain in the area
– Swelling
– Difficulty moving a limb
– Changes in the skin over the site of the tumor

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